Lumps on bottom of foot can be caused by a number of causes. A painful lump or bump on foot can appear near toes, on the heel or on the arch of the foot. Regardless of what the cause of the lump is, most are often small, red or white and may hurt when touched or popped. Here is an insight on how to get rid of the lumps.
A lump appearing on foot may also be described as a nodule, a tumor, a cyst of a contusion. Regardless of how you describe the lump, it is basically a localized swelling that may be filled with a fluid such as blood and pus. Depending on what the underlying cause of the bump is it may be painful or painless, some lump will also be larger than others.
- Lumps on bottom of foot under skin
- Lump on bottom of foot near arch
- Lump on bottom of foot cancer
- Lump on bottom of foot near heel
- Foot blisters
- Plantar fasciitis
- Lump on bottom of foot near toes
- Diabetes foot ulcers
- Inclusion cyst
- Athlete’s foot
- Small lumps on bottom of foot
- Red bumps on bottom of foot
- Corns and calluses
- Plantar warts
- Foot blisters
- Lump on bottom of foot that come and go
- Lump on bottom of foot that hurts to walk
- White lumps on bottom of feet
- How to get rid of lumps on bottom of foot
Bumps and lumps on bottom of foot under the skin can result from many different underlying causes. The bumps can be painful and hurt when walking. These bumps can cause so many difficulties that some people may find it impossible to walk or wear shoes.
A bump under the skin can be caused by a trauma, an infection or a hampered distribution of weight force on foot. This leads to inflammation and swelling that might cause your feet to develop this bumps. Plantar fibromas is a common cause of a lump on the bottom of foot.
A plantar fibroma is also referred to as fibromatosis, it causes male bumps that appear within the plantar fascia often appearing in the middle part of the foot. A lump caused by plantar fibroma are benign and can only be removed with proper treatment and medical interventions.
In human anatomy, the arch of the foot are formed by the tarsal and metatarsal bones, they are strengthened by the ligaments and tendons, and this allows the foot to support the weight of the body in an erect posture with the least weight. They are categorized as longitudinal and transverse arches.
A lump on the bottom of foot near arch is most likely to be plantar fibromatosis. Also called plantar fibroma, this is a foot condition where small nodule (lump) grows in the arches of the foot on the plantar fascia (a thick connective tissue that supports the arch on the bottom of feet. It runs from the tuberosity of the heel bone to the head of the metatarsal bone)
This lump is a benign growth, meaning it is noncancerous and slow growing. Most of these bumps will grow to less than an inch in size. They are often painless, but depending on their location and size, they may cause foot arch pain. When not causing any symptoms, plantar fibromas may go noticed for years. Common symptoms of these bumps may include the following:
- A small lump under the skin is the most common visible symptom. The lump will often tend to be on the inner side of the sole at the highest point of the foot arch
- When small, the bump will often be painless, however as it grows, some may start to feel painful and make walking difficult
- Wen left unchecked for long, it could cause thickening of the plantar fascia which can in turn result contracture that causes the toes to bend
The actual cause of plantar fibromas is unknown, however, research shows there are a number of factors that might contribute to one getting these bumps on the bottom of feet. They include the following:
- Family history of the condition (genetic)
- Continued foot trauma
- Underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, epilepsy, liver disease among others.
- The condition has also been found to be more common in males, with a ratio of about 2 men to 1 female.
Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer. Skin cancer can occur on any part of the body. Just as when occurring in other parts of the skin, cancer on feet ill often have the same features. The lumps formed are painless and often slow growing, unless the cancer is completely treated, those with feet cancer are likely to experience recurrent cracking, bleeding or ulceration.
Foot cancer unlike another form of skin cancer on the body caused by overexposure to harmful UV rays from the sun is believed to be related to harmful chemical exposure, chronic inflammation or irritation, and genetically inherited traits. In most medical checkups, most people tend to overlook examining the feet, which should not be the case, you need to have a health care provider check your feet regularly for abnormalities
When the underlying cause of the lump on the bottom of the foot is cancer, you are likely to experience the following symptoms:
- White bumps or patches that may ooze or crust
- The lump may begin as a hard projecting callus-like lesion
- Hard and painless lump on foot
- Some may begin as a small brown or black spot (this is common in people with malignant melanoma)
- Bumps that resembles common moles
- The borders of the bump may look scalloped, uneven or ragged
- A lesion wider than 6 mm in diameter
After a diagnosis that in dead you have cancer on foot, the treatment to destroy the cancerous cells will depend on the stage and type of cancer. Most commonly used cancer treatment include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and surgery to get rid of the cancerous cells.
The heel is the back part of the human foot behind the arch and below the ankle. A lump on the bottom of foot appearing near this part of the foot can be caused by any of the following:
A blister is a small pocket of body fluid that occur often within the upper layers of the skin. A foot blister is a common lump on foot caused by rubbing or friction between your foot and shoe or between the foot and the ground. Foot blisters can also be caused by burning, freezing, chemical exposure or infection.
Foot blisters are often caused as a result of wearing an ill-fitting shoe or as a result of a secondary infection. Popping or draining a foot blister can be painful and opens increases your chances of getting infected. An infected blister takes long to heal and may be very painful.
A lump or blister on foot can easily be prevented by avoiding the irritation causing the blister. Wear properly fitting shoe, wearing cotton socks and wash and dry your feet to prevent infections.
Verrucas are the other common lump that occurs near the heel. They are warts in the sole of feet often occurring on the heel and ball of feet. These bumps are caused by human papillomavirus and will often vary in size from around 1mm to 10 mm according to NHS,
These lumps are said to be contagious. The risk of passing them from one person to the other is, however, low. Your feet are more vulnerable to this infection when damaged or in wet environments such as in swimming pools and in changing rooms.
Symptoms of verrucas:
- They often appear on soles of feet
- They can be painful
- They are white, often with a black dot on the center
- Most tend to be flat rather than raised
Plantar fasciitis according to WebMD is the most common cause of heel pain. Plantar fascia connects the heel bone to your toes. Its work is to support the arch of the foot. When strained, the plantar fascia gets weak, swollen and irritated. The result is, the bottom of the foot may hurt when you walk or stand up.
Plantar fasciitis is caused by straining the ligament that supports your arch. Straining causes tear in the ligaments that can lead to pain and swelling. The condition is more common in people with above 40 years, other risk factors for the condition includes:
- Preforming activities that places a lot of stress on your heel
- Foot mechanics like having flat foot, having a high arch or abnormal patterns of walking
- The condition is common in people who are overweight or obese as the excess weight exerts more pressure on your plantar fascia
- The condition is also common in people who stand for long hours
Lump on feet can occur anywhere. The lump could occur near toes, on the heel, near the arch or on the plantar fascia. It is also common for the lumps to appear above the foot or on the bottom of the foot. No matter where the lump is occurring in the foot, urgent medical intervention is required.
Have a professional doctor look at the lump to establish what the problem might be. When that is done, your dermatology will help you get rid of the bump and prevent it from recurring. A lump on foot near toes is likely to be caused by the following conditions:
Diabetes foot ulcers
Diabetic’s foot ulcers are sores or bumps on foot that occur in close to 15 percent of diabetic patients. These lumps or sores are caused by neuropathic and vascular complication of the disease. Nerve damage or neuropathy caused by altered or complete loss of feeling in the foot, this is called peripheral neuropathy.
With peripheral neuropathy, pressure from sure, cuts, bruises or injury to the foot ma go unnoticed. Diabetic patients thus become unaware of any injury to his or feet. Vascular disease a major problem in people with diabetes causes lack of healthy blood flow, this may lead to ulceration. Diabetic patients also have a problem with healing their wounds.
A bunion is a swelling on the first joint of the big toe. This lump is bony and often painful. They form at the joint where the toe bends normally when walking. Bunions are believed to run in families and are considered one among the many problems caused by a weak or poor foot structure.
A bunion will have the following signs and symptoms:
- The big toe appear to face the other toes
- The appearance of a swollen bony bump on the outside edge of your foot
- Severe pain and swelling all over the big toe
- Sore skin over the bump on toe
- Change and deformity to the normal shape of foot
- Hard, callused and red skin that appear as a result of the big toe overlapping with the second toe
Hammertoe are common and painful deformities on the toe that make them appear as bend. Common causes of these deformities are injuries, wearing ill-fitting shoe, bunions and rheumatoid arthritis. Left unchecked, hammertoes could lead to corns and calluses as a result of continued irritation between your feet and the shoe.
Hammertoes can also cause stress in the ball of the foot, this can lead to pain known as metatarsalgia. This is the pain of the bones connecting the ankle bones and the toes.
Inclusion cyst also called epidermoid or epidermal cyst can occur anywhere on the skin. They occur underneath the skin and will often form in the wake of mild skin injuries like cuts and scratches. Inclusion cyst between toes are mostly small, raising a few millimeters though occasionally up to 5 cm
Athlete’s foot is a fungal skin infection. The condition can lead to intense itching, cracked skin and painful blisters or peeling of the toe skin. The condition can be serious when left untreated as it could spread to other parts of the toe. The condition can also cause thickening and yellowing of the toenail if not checked in time.
Athlete’s foot causes the skin to become itchy, red, scaly and dry. It may also cause sore and painful small blister on the feet. You can get the condition when:
- You fail to maintain proper hygiene
- Shoes that allow your feet to get hot and sweat a lot
- Share towel soaks and show with infected people
- You have other medical condition such as diabetes.
Lumps on feet are common. They are harmless and most can heal on their own without any treatment. Small lumps on bottom of foot may be a simple foot blister caused by friction and irritation of your feet and shoe. The bump can also be a chilblain.
A chilblain is a painful, itching swelling on the skin. These bumps are caused by poor circulation in the skin especially when exposed to cold. A chilblain will cause the skin to feel like burning, itchy and blistering around the affected area.
A bump on the bottom of feet can be red, white or yellow depending on what the underlying cause of the bump is. Red bumps on foot are likely to be caused by the following:
Corns and calluses
Mayo clinic defines corn and calluses as thick, hardened layers of skin that develop as a protective mechanism for your feet against friction and pressure. Corns and calluses will often develop on feet, toes and finger and hands.
Both corns and calluses will develop due to the following:
- Wearing tight fitting shoe for long
- High heeled footwear
- Wearing tight-fitting stockings and socks
- Deformed toes
This are hard granny growths that often appear on the heels and balls of feet. Plantar warts are caused by human papillomavirus, the pressure exerted on feet may cause warts to grow inwards beneath a hard, thick layer of skin.
A foot blister on foot will appear as a small red bubble on skin filled with serum. These lumps are caused by friction, burning, and damage of the outer layer of the skin. Foot blisters are common and can easily be prevented. They can also heal on their own with no medication but it is important to consult your health care provider for a foot blister that keeps recurring.
Lumps on bottom of foot that comes and goes can be a good sign of an underlying medical condition. People with diabetes and gout are most often affected by this. Getting rid of a lump on foot without treating the underlying condition causing the lump is a common reason for a bump to come and go.
See your dermatologist as soon as possible for diagnosis and treatment of the underlying condition.
A lump on foot can cause pain and irritation. The continued friction between your foot and the lump may hurt and cause walking or wearing shoe discomforting. You should not try to pop or drain the lump, keep your foot clean and have a dermatologist look at it.
A lump that hurts can mean it is infected. Topical ointment or injection may help reduce the swelling and irritation caused by the lump.
A lump on the bottom of feet may take different colors. This depending whit what the underlying cause of the lump is and whether or not the lump is infected. The lump on foot may be a white lump, a red lump (filled with blood) or a yellow bump or sometimes green, these are filled with pus and are a common sign of bacterial infection.
Most of the lumps on bottom of foot are harmless. Through some may be painful, they can be handled and manage. To get rid of a lump on foot, you need to consult with your doctor as soon as possible. After a diagnosis, your dermatologist will be able to identify what the underlying cause of the bump is.
The following are available options for getting rid of the lumps:
- Corticosteroid injection to help relieve the pain and reduce the swelling
- Your dermatologist may advise you to wear insole to help reduce irritation of the lump, this may make it possible to walk comfortably
- Depending on how painful it is causing your leg to become, dermatologist may recommend physiotherapy
- In cases of cancer and large lumps on bottom of foot, surgical procedure may be carried out to get rid of the lump
Sources and reference
- The different diagnosis of foot lumps, surgical treatment: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1964714/
- Lumps and bumps in bottom of foot: http://www.podiatrynetwork.com/document_disorders.cfm?id=122
- What is plantar fibroma: https://www.foothealthfacts.org/conditions/plantar-fibroma
- Common foot problems: http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/ss/slideshow-common-foot-problems
- Bumps on bottom of feet: http://www.paincare.org/bump-on-bottom-of-foot/
- Itchy and painful bump on bottom of feet: http://www.healtreatcure.org/bumps/bumps-on-bottom-of-foot-itchy-painful-lump-under-skin-toes-treat/
- Causes of painful bumps on bottom of foot: http://www.md-health.com/Painful-Bump-on-Bottom-of-Foot.html